An essential role for the phosphatidylinositol transfer protein in the scission of coatomer-coated vesicles from the trans-Golgi network.
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We identified the phosphatidylinositol transfer protein (PITP) as being responsible for a powerful latent, nucleotide-independent, Golgi-vesiculating activity that is present in the cytosol but is only manifested as an uncontrolled activity in a cytosolic protein subfraction, in which it is separated from regulatory components that appear to normally limit its action to the scission of COPI-coated buds from trans-Golgi network membranes. A specific anti-PITP antibody that recognizes the two mammalian PITP isoforms fully inhibited the capacity of the cytosol to support normal vesicle generation as well as the uncontrolled vesiculating activity manifested by the cytosolic protein subfraction. The phosphatidylinositol- (PI) loaded form of the yeast PITP, Sec14p, but not the phosphatidylcholine- (PC) loaded form of the protein, was capable of substituting for the cytosolic subfraction in promoting the scission of coated buds from the trans-Golgi network. At higher concentration, however, Sec14p, when loaded with PI, but not with PC or phosphatidylglycerol, caused by itself an indiscriminate vesiculation of uncoated Golgi membranes that could be suppressed by PC-Sec14p, which also suppresses the uncontrolled vesiculation caused by the cytosolic subfraction. We propose that, by delivering PI to specific sites in the Golgi membrane near the necks of coated buds, PITP induces local changes in the organization of the lipid bilayer, possibly involving PI metabolites, that triggers the fusion of the ectoplasmic faces of the Golgi membrane necessary for the scission of COPI-coated vesicles.
author list (cited authors)
Simon, J. P., Morimoto, T., Bankaitis, V. A., Gottlieb, T. A., Ivanov, I. E., Adesnik, M., & Sabatini, D. D.
complete list of authors
Simon, JP||Morimoto, T||Bankaitis, VA||Gottlieb, TA||Ivanov, IE||Adesnik, M||Sabatini, DD