mm-Wave Radar-Based Vital Signs Monitoring and Arrhythmia Detection Using Machine Learning. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • A non-contact, non-invasive monitoring system to measure and estimate the heart and breathing rate of humans using a frequency-modulated continuous wave (FMCW) mm-wave radar at 77 GHz is presented. A novel diagnostic system is proposed which extracts heartbeat phase signals from the FMCW radar (reconstructed using Fourier series analysis) to test a three-layer artificial neural network model to predict the presence of arrhythmia in individuals. The effect of person orientation, distance of measurement and movement was analyzed with respect to a reference device based on statistical measures that include number of outliers, mean, mean squared error (MSE), mean absolute error (MAE), median absolute error (medAE), skewness, standard deviation (SD) and R-squared values. The individual oriented in front of the radar outperformed almost all other orientations for most distances with an expected d = 90 cm and d = 120 cm. Furthermore, it was found that the heart rate that was measured while walking and the breathing rate which was measured for a motionless individual generated results with the lowest SD and MSE. An artificial neural network (ANN) was trained using the MIT-BIH database with a training accuracy of 93.9 % and an R2 value = 0.876. The diagnostic tool was tested on 15 subjects and achieved a mean test accuracy of 75%.

published proceedings

  • Sensors (Basel)

author list (cited authors)

  • Iyer, S., Zhao, L., Mohan, M. P., Jimeno, J., Siyal, M. Y., Alphones, A., & Karim, M. F.

complete list of authors

  • Iyer, Srikrishna||Zhao, Leo||Mohan, Manoj Prabhakar||Jimeno, Joe||Siyal, Mohammed Yakoob||Alphones, Arokiaswami||Karim, Muhammad Faeyz

publication date

  • April 2022

publisher