Enzymatic synthesis of chiral organophosphothioates from prochiral precursors.
Additional Document Info
The phosphotriesterase from Pseudomonas diminuta has been shown to selectively cleave the pro-R p-nitrophenolate substituent from bis-p-nitrophenyl alkyl phosphothioate esters. When the alkyl substituent is methyl, ethyl, or isopropyl the enantiomeric excess of the product is >/=99%. Manipulation of the active site through mutagenesis has enabled the preparation of protein variants that preferentially hydrolyze the pro-S substituent of the target substrates. This methodology thus permits the preparation of chiral products from prochiral precursors.