Bioinspired Superhydrophobic Nanocoating Based on Polydopamine and Nanodiamonds to Mitigate Bacterial Attachment to Polyvinyl Chloride Surfaces in Food Industry Environments. Academic Article uri icon


  • Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is commonly utilized as a food-contact surface by the food industry for processing and storage purposes due to its durability, ease of fabrication, and cost-effectiveness. Herein, we report a composite coating for the superhydrophobization of PVC without the use of polyfluoroalkyl chemistry. This coating rendered the PVC superhydrophobic, exhibiting a static water contact angle of 151.9 0.7 and a contact angle hysteresis of only 3.1 1.0. The structure of this composite coating, consisting of polydopamine, nanodiamonds, and an alkyl silane, was investigated by utilizing both scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy. Surface chemistry was probed using attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared, and the surface wetting behavior was thoroughly characterized using both static and dynamic water contact angle measurements. It was demonstrated that the superhydrophobic PVC was cleanable using a food-grade surfactant, becoming wet in contact with high concentration surfactant solutions, but regaining its nonwetting property upon rinsing with water. It was demonstrated that the coating produced a 2.1 0.1 log10 reduction (99.2%) in the number of Escherichia coli O157:H7 cells and a 2.2 0.1 log10 reduction (99.3%) in the number of Salmonella enterica Typhimurium cells that were able to adsorb onto PVC surfaces over a 24 h period. The use of this fluorine-free superhydrophobic coating on PVC equipment, such as conveyor belts within food production facilities, may help to mitigate bacterial cross-contamination and curb the spread of foodborne illnesses.

published proceedings

  • Ind Eng Chem Res

author list (cited authors)

  • DeFlorio, W., Zaza, A., Arcot, Y., Min, Y., Castillo, A., Taylor, M., Cisneros-Zevallos, L., & Akbulut, M.

complete list of authors

  • DeFlorio, William||Zaza, Abdulla||Arcot, Yashwanth||Min, Younjin||Castillo, Alejandro||Taylor, Matthew||Cisneros-Zevallos, Luis||Akbulut, Mustafa ES

publication date

  • April 2024