Biaxial biomechanical adaptations of mouse carotid arteries cultured at altered axial extension. Academic Article uri icon


  • Many have studied the roles of altered blood flow and pressure on adaptive responses of blood vessels, but few have studied the role of altered axial loads. We exposed common carotid arteries from wild-type mice to low, medium, or high axial extensions while maintaining the same pressure and luminal flow rate for two days in culture, and studied adaptations in vessel geometry, in vitro loads, and stresses while collecting biaxial biomechanical (pressure-diameter and axial force-length) data on Day 0 (initial control conditions), Day 1, and Day 2. In addition, we compared vasoreactive responses to phenylephrine, carbamylcholine chloride, and sodium nitroprusside at the end of the 2-day culture period. We found significant differences in the structural (e.g., pressure-axial force and axial force-length) responses between groups as well as within each group over time. These adaptations seem to be aimed at restoring the mechanical state from a perturbed condition (e.g., low or high axial extension) toward a normal 'homeostatic' condition. Although structural responses (e.g., pressure-axial force and axial force-length) differed between groups on Day 2, the material behavior (e.g., circumferential and axial stress-stretch responses) did not differ significantly between groups.

published proceedings

  • J Biomech

author list (cited authors)

  • Gleason, R. L., Wilson, E., & Humphrey, J. D

citation count

  • 62

complete list of authors

  • Gleason, Rudolph L||Wilson, Emily||Humphrey, Jay D

publication date

  • June 2006