Dairy Effluent-Saturated Biochars Short-Term Effects on Vigna unguiculata and Cynodondactylon Performance and Soil Properties Academic Article uri icon


  • We compared the effects of wood-, manure-, and blend-derived biochar (BC) saturated/unsaturated with dairy effluents on Vigna unguiculata and Cynodon dactylon performance and soil characteristics in a greenhouse pot study. Plant samples were assayed for herbage and root dry weight and N and C percentages. Soil samples were assayed for nutrients, pH, and conductivity. Variance analysis, Tukeys tests, Pearsons correlations, and multiple regression analysis were performed. The performance of C. dactylon was not affected. V. unguiculatas herbage and root production responded negatively to manure BC and 2% of any BC, respectively, which is mainly explained by the conductivity and soil P increase, respectively. When V. unguiculata was grown, BC inclusion decreased NO3-N and increased the soil P content. When C. dactylon was grown, only P was altered (increased) when manure or the blend BC were applied. The soil total C increased as the BC loading rate increased. The application of high BC rates was detrimental for V. unguiculata, but showed a neutral effect for C. dactylon. To improve dairy waste recycling, saturated 1% blend BC and saturated 2% blend or manure BC could be applied to V. unguiculata and C. dactylon, respectively, with no short-term negative impacts. Only wood BC avoided soil P build-up. BC application increased the soil total C, showing potential for C sequestration.

published proceedings

  • Plants

author list (cited authors)

  • Entio, L. J., Taggart, C. B., Muir, J. P., Kan, E., Brady, J. A., & Obayomi, O.

complete list of authors

  • Entio, Lisandro J||Taggart, Cosette B||Muir, James P||Kan, Eunsung||Brady, Jeff A||Obayomi, Olabiyi


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