Modulation of alpha7-integrin-mediated adhesion and expression by platelet-derived growth factor in vascular smooth muscle cells. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • We showed previously that the expression of alpha(7)-integrin in aortic vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) is enhanced in a rat model of atherosclerosis. In the present study, we investigated the effects of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) on alpha(7)-integrin expression and VSMC adhesion and migration. Expression of the alpha(7)-integrin gene was determined by real-time RT-PCR, whereas protein levels were determined by fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis. PDGF increased alpha(7) cell surface protein expression (12 and 24 h: 3.3 +/- 0.8- and 3.6 +/- 0.4-fold, P < 0.05 vs. control) and mRNA levels (24 h: 3.1-fold, P < 0.05 vs. control) in a time-dependent manner. Actinomycin D and cycloheximide attenuated PDGF-induced increases in alpha(7)-integrin, indicating the involvement of de novo mRNA and protein synthesis. Treatment with the MAPK inhibitors PD-98059, SP-600125, and SB-203580 attenuated PDGF-induced increases in mRNA. In contrast, PD-98059 and SP-600125, but not SB-203580, attenuated PDGF-induced increases in cell surface protein levels. PDGF-treated VSMC adhered to laminin more efficiently (42 +/- 6% increase, P < 0.01), and this increase was partially inhibited by anti-alpha(7)-integrin function-blocking antibody. However, PDGF did not alter migration on laminin, and there was no effect of the anti-alpha(7)-integrin function-blocking antibody on basal or PDGF-stimulated migration. Immunofluorescence imaging revealed an increase in alpha(7)-integrin distribution along the stress fibers. Together, these observations indicate that PDGF enhances alpha(7)-integrin expression in VSMC and promotes alpha(7)-integrin-mediated adhesion to laminin.

published proceedings

  • Am J Physiol Cell Physiol

author list (cited authors)

  • Chao, J., Martinez-Lemus, L. A., Kaufman, S. J., Meininger, G. A., Ramos, K. S., & Wilson, E

citation count

  • 12

complete list of authors

  • Chao, Jun-Tzu||Martinez-Lemus, Luis A||Kaufman, Stephen J||Meininger, Gerald A||Ramos, Kenneth S||Wilson, Emily

publication date

  • April 2006