Regulation of alpha7-integrin expression in vascular smooth muscle by injury-induced atherosclerosis. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Injury of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) by allylamine (AAM) leads to phenotypic changes associated with atherogenic progression including increased proliferation, migration, and alterations in cell adhesion. In the present study, the relationship between AAM-induced vascular injury and expression of the alpha(7)-integrin subunit was investigated. The alpha(7)-mRNA and protein expression were examined using real-time RT-PCR, fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis (FACS), immunohistochemistry, and immunoblotting. In cultured VSMCs from aortas of AAM-treated rats (70 mg/kg for 20 days), alpha(7)-mRNA levels were increased more than twofold compared with control cells. No change was seen in beta(1)-integrin expression. FACS analysis revealed increased cell surface expression of alpha(7)-protein (25 +/- 9%; *P < 0.05). AAM treatment of naive VSMCs enhanced alpha(7)-mRNA expression (2.4 +/- 0.7-fold, mean +/- SE; *P < 0.05). The increased alpha(7)-mRNA expression was attenuated by the amine oxidase inhibitor semicarbazide and the antioxidant pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate, which confirms a role for oxidative stress in modulating alpha(7)-expression. In vivo alpha(7)-mRNA and protein expression were enhanced in the aortas of AAM-treated rats. In addition, increased alpha(7)-integrin expression facilitated AAM VSMC adhesion to laminin more efficiently compared with control (51 +/- 2%; *P < 0.05). Chemical injury induced by AAM significantly enhances alpha(7)-integrin expression in VSMCs. These findings implicate for the first time the expression of alpha(7)-integrin during the response of VSMCs to vascular injury.

published proceedings

  • Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol

author list (cited authors)

  • Chao, J., Meininger, G. A., Patterson, J. L., Jones, S., Partridge, C. R., Neiger, J. D., ... Wilson, E

citation count

  • 17

complete list of authors

  • Chao, Jun-Tzu||Meininger, Gerald A||Patterson, Jan L||Jones, Sarah AL||Partridge, Charles R||Neiger, Jessemy D||Williams, E Spencer||Kaufman, Stephen J||Ramos, Kenneth S||Wilson, Emily

publication date

  • July 2004