Particlepolymer interactions for 3D printing material design Academic Article uri icon


  • Embedded ink writing (EIW) and direct ink writing (DIW) constitute the primary strategies for three-dimensional (3D) printing within the realm of material extrusion. These methods enable the rapid fabrication of complex 3D structures, utilizing either yield-stress support baths or self-supporting inks. Both these strategies have been extensively studied across a range of fields, including biomedical, soft robotics, and smart sensors, due to their outstanding print fidelity and compatibility with diverse ink materials. Particle additives capable of forming volume-filling 3D networks are frequently incorporated into polymer solvents. This integration is crucial for engineering the requisite microstructures essential for the formulation of successful support bath and ink materials. The interplay between the particle additives and polymer solvents is critical for achieving rheological tunability in various 3D printing strategies, yet this area has not been systematically reviewed. Therefore, in this critical review, we examined various mechanisms of particlepolymer interactions, the resulting microstructures, and their subsequent impact on mechanical and rheological properties. Overall, this work aims to serve as a foundational guideline for the design of next-generation materials in the field of extrusion additive manufacturing, specifically for EIW and DIW.

published proceedings

  • Chemical Physics Reviews

author list (cited authors)

  • Mitchell, K., Hua, W., Bandala, E., Gaharwar, A. K., & Jin, Y.

complete list of authors

  • Mitchell, Kellen||Hua, Weijian||Bandala, Erick||Gaharwar, Akhilesh K||Jin, Yifei

publication date

  • March 2024