Activation of Na+/H+ exchange by platelet-derived growth factor involves phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase and phospholipase C gamma. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The effect of site-specific mutations in the mouse platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) beta-receptor on activation of the Na+/H+ exchanger was examined in normal murine mammary gland epithelial (NMuMG) and Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. These cells, which do not normally express PDGF receptors, were stably transfected with PDGF beta-receptor cDNA. Intracellular pH and Ca2+ were monitored using fluorescent probes. In both NMuMG and CHO cells expressing wild-type PDGF beta-receptors, PDGF B/B activated the amiloride-sensitive Na+/H+ exchanger. In both cell types, cell alkalinization was reduced by approximately 50% with a receptor mutant Y708F,Y719F which cannot bind phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3'-kinase. An inhibitor of PI 3'-kinase, LY294002, also inhibited alkalinization by 43% in cells with wild-type, but not Y708F,Y719F receptors. PDGF-induced intracellular Ca2+ release was not affected by this mutation. Both alkalinization and Ca2+ release were reduced by nearly 100% with the mutant Y977F,Y989F, which cannot bind phospholipase C gamma (PLC gamma). Y739F, a mutant that fails to bind the GTPase-activating protein did not affect PDGF-induced alkalinization. In protein kinase C (PKC) down-regulated NMuMG cells (wild-type receptor), PDGF no longer activated the Na+/H+ exchanger. In contrast, in PKC down-regulated CHO cells (wild-type receptor), PDGF-induced alkalinization was attenuated by only 37%. This residual activity was unaffected by the Y708F,Y719F mutation, but was completely eliminated by removal of medium Ca2+. These findings indicate that phospholipase C gamma is essential for activation of Na+/H+ exchange. PI 3'-kinase participates in PKC-dependent activation of Na+/H+ exchange by PDGF. In CHO cells, there is a second, Ca(2+)-dependent mechanism for activation of the exchanger.

published proceedings

  • J Biol Chem

author list (cited authors)

  • Ma, Y. H., Reusch, H. P., Wilson, E., Escobedo, J. A., Fantl, W. J., Williams, L. T., & Ives, H. E

citation count

  • 56

complete list of authors

  • Ma, YH||Reusch, HP||Wilson, E||Escobedo, JA||Fantl, WJ||Williams, LT||Ives, HE

publication date

  • December 1994