Strain-responsive regions in the platelet-derived growth factor-A gene promoter.
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Proliferation of cultured neonatal vascular smooth muscle (VSM) cells is enhanced by exposure to cyclic mechanical strain, in part through autocrine action of secreted platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF). We examined transcription factors and DNA response elements that may participate in the induction of PDGF-A gene transcription by mechanical strain. PDGF-A mRNA increased gradually over 4 to 24 hours exposure to cyclic (1 Hz) strain. This was due, at least in part, to increased transcription since a full length (890 bp) PDGF-A promoter reporter construct was induced 3.5-fold in transfected VSM cells exposed to strain for 24 hours. A series of PDGF-A promoter truncation reporter constructs was used to identify potential regions of the promoter involved in regulation by strain. Strain-responsive regions were found between -262 bp and -92 bp and between -92 bp and -41 bp of the promoter. Since these regions are GC-rich and contain response elements for Egr-1 and Sp-1, we examined expression of these transcription factors in response to strain. mRNA for both factors increased over 0.5 to 4 hours of strain, while protein expression for both increased gradually over a 24 hours period. Gel shift assays with a probe specific for Egr-1 demonstrated at least 1 prominent new shifted band after 4 to 12 hours exposure to strain. An Sp-1 probe demonstrated constitutive shifted bands that did not change in response to strain. Thus, GC-rich regions in the proximal 92 bp of the PDGF-A promoter contain mechanical strain-responsive elements that bind Egr-1 and possibly Sp-1.
author list (cited authors)
Wilson, E., Vives, F., Collins, T., & Ives, H. E.
complete list of authors
Wilson, E||Vives, F||Collins, T||Ives, HE