Dual quantum spin Hall insulator by density-tuned correlations in TaIrTe4. Academic Article uri icon


  • The convergence of topology and correlations represents a highly coveted realm in the pursuit of new quantum states of matter1. Introducing electron correlations to a quantum spin Hall (QSH) insulator can lead to the emergence of a fractional topological insulator and other exotic time-reversal-symmetric topological order2-8, not possible in quantum Hall and Chern insulator systems. Here we report a new dual QSH insulator within the intrinsic monolayer crystal of TaIrTe4, arising from the interplay of its single-particle topology and density-tuned electron correlations. At charge neutrality, monolayer TaIrTe4 demonstrates the QSH insulator, manifesting enhanced nonlocal transport and quantized helical edge conductance. After introducing electrons from charge neutrality, TaIrTe4 shows metallic behaviour in onlya small range of charge densities but quickly goes into a new insulating state, entirely unexpected on the basis of the single-particle band structure of TaIrTe4. This insulating state could arise from a strong electronic instability near the van Hove singularities, probably leading to a charge density wave (CDW). Remarkably, within this correlated insulating gap, we observe a resurgence of the QSH state. The observation of helical edge conduction in a CDW gap could bridge spin physics and charge orders. The discovery of a dual QSH insulator introduces a new method for creating topological flat minibands through CDW superlattices, which offer a promising platform for exploring time-reversal-symmetric fractional phases and electromagnetism2-4,9,10.

published proceedings

  • Nature

altmetric score

  • 61

author list (cited authors)

  • Tang, J., Ding, T. S., Chen, H., Gao, A., Qian, T., Huang, Z., ... Ma, Q.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Tang, Jian||Ding, Thomas Siyuan||Chen, Hongyu||Gao, Anyuan||Qian, Tiema||Huang, Zumeng||Sun, Zhe||Han, Xin||Strasser, Alex||Li, Jiangxu||Geiwitz, Michael||Shehabeldin, Mohamed||Belosevich, Vsevolod||Wang, Zihan||Wang, Yiping||Watanabe, Kenji||Taniguchi, Takashi||Bell, David C||Wang, Ziqiang||Fu, Liang||Zhang, Yang||Qian, Xiaofeng||Burch, Kenneth S||Shi, Youguo||Ni, Ni||Chang, Guoqing||Xu, Su-Yang||Ma, Qiong

publication date

  • March 2024

published in