Rearing methods of four insect species intended as feed, food, and food ingredients: a review. Academic Article uri icon


  • Over the past 2 decades, the potential of insects as food and feed has been recognized globally. Insects as feed ingredients can improve sustainability because of their lower greenhouse gas emissions and their potential to transform organic wastes into high-quality feed rich in nutrients. However, currently, the practical use of insects as food or feed is limited by the high costs of insect production. A great deal of effort is required to improve the rearing technology necessary to establish the principles of insect farming. Several insect species have become industrialized using existing methods of production. The most common industrialized insect species intended as feed and food include the yellow mealworm, Tenebrio molitor L. (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae); the house cricket, Acheta domesticus L. (Orthoptera: Gryllidae); the black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens L. (Diptera: Stratiomyidae); and the house fly, Musca domestica L. (Diptera: Muscidae). This review focuses on describing the existing rearing methods for these 4 insect species, which may provide a basis for future research to enhance insect production capabilities.

published proceedings

  • J Econ Entomol

author list (cited authors)

  • Morales-Ramos, J. A., Tomberlin, J. K., Miranda, C., & Rojas, M. G.

complete list of authors

  • Morales-Ramos, Juan A||Tomberlin, Jeffery K||Miranda, Chelsea||Rojas, M Guadalupe

editor list (cited editors)

  • Donoghue, A.

publication date

  • March 2024