Two Synthetic 18-Way Outcrossed Populations of Diploid Budding Yeast with Utility for Complex Trait Dissection. Academic Article uri icon


  • Advanced-generation multiparent populations (MPPs) are a valuable tool for dissecting complex traits, having more power than genome-wide association studies to detect rare variants and higher resolution than F2 linkage mapping. To extend the advantages of MPPs in budding yeast, we describe the creation and characterization of two outbred MPPs derived from 18 genetically diverse founding strains. We carried out de novo assemblies of the genomes of the 18 founder strains, such that virtually all variation segregating between these strains is known, and represented those assemblies as Santa Cruz Genome Browser tracks. We discovered complex patterns of structural variation segregating among the founders, including a large deletion within the vacuolar ATPase VMA1, several different deletions within the osmosensor MSB2, a series of deletions and insertions at PRM7 and the adjacent BSC1, as well as copy number variation at the dehydrogenase ALD2 Resequenced haploid recombinant clones from the two MPPs have a median unrecombined block size of 66 kb, demonstrating that the population is highly recombined. We pool-sequenced the two MPPs to 3270 and 2226 coverage and demonstrated that we can accurately estimate local haplotype frequencies using pooled data. We further downsampled the pool-sequenced data to 20-40 and showed that local haplotype frequency estimates remained accurate, with median error rates 0.8 and 0.6% at 20 and 40, respectively. Haplotypes frequencies are estimated much more accurately than SNP frequencies obtained directly from the same data. Deep sequencing of the two populations revealed that 10 or more founders are present at a detectable frequency for > 98% of the genome, validating the utility of this resource for the exploration of the role of standing variation in the architecture of complex traits.

published proceedings

  • Genetics

altmetric score

  • 2.75

author list (cited authors)

  • Linder, R. A., Majumder, A., Chakraborty, M., & Long, A.

citation count

  • 18

complete list of authors

  • Linder, Robert A||Majumder, Arundhati||Chakraborty, Mahul||Long, Anthony

publication date

  • June 2020