Pearl millet [Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.] consensus linkage map constructed using four RIL mapping populations and newly developed EST-SSRs. Academic Article uri icon


  • BACKGROUND: Pearl millet [Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.] is a widely cultivated drought- and high-temperature tolerant C4 cereal grown under dryland, rainfed and irrigated conditions in drought-prone regions of the tropics and sub-tropics of Africa, South Asia and the Americas. It is considered an orphan crop with relatively few genomic and genetic resources. This study was undertaken to increase the EST-based microsatellite marker and genetic resources for this crop to facilitate marker-assisted breeding. RESULTS: Newly developed EST-SSR markers (99), along with previously mapped EST-SSR (17), genomic SSR (53) and STS (2) markers, were used to construct linkage maps of four F7 recombinant inbred populations (RIP) based on crosses ICMB 841-P3 863B-P2 (RIP A), H 77/833-2 PRLT 2/89-33 (RIP B), 81B-P6 ICMP 451-P8 (RIP C) and PT 732B-P2 P1449-2-P1 (RIP D). Mapped loci numbers were greatest for RIP A (104), followed by RIP B (78), RIP C (64) and RIP D (59). Total map lengths (Haldane) were 615cM, 690cM, 428cM and 276cM, respectively. A total of 176 loci detected by 171 primer pairs were mapped among the four crosses. A consensus map of 174 loci (899cM) detected by 169 primer pairs was constructed using MergeMap to integrate the individual linkage maps. Locus order in the consensus map was well conserved for nearly all linkage groups. Eighty-nine EST-SSR marker loci from this consensus map had significant BLAST hits (top hits with e-value 1E-10) on the genome sequences of rice, foxtail millet, sorghum, maize and Brachypodium with 35, 88, 58, 48 and 38 loci, respectively. CONCLUSION: The consensus map developed in the present study contains the largest set of mapped SSRs reported to date for pearl millet, and represents a major consolidation of existing pearl millet genetic mapping information. This study increased numbers of mapped pearl millet SSR markers by >50%, filling important gaps in previously published SSR-based linkage maps for this species and will greatly facilitate SSR-based QTL mapping and applied marker-assisted selection programs.

published proceedings

  • BMC Genomics

altmetric score

  • 6

author list (cited authors)

  • Rajaram, V., Nepolean, T., Senthilvel, S., Varshney, R. K., Vadez, V., Srivastava, R. K., ... Hash, C. T.

citation count

  • 93

complete list of authors

  • Rajaram, Vengaldas||Nepolean, Thirunavukkarasu||Senthilvel, Senapathy||Varshney, Rajeev K||Vadez, Vincent||Srivastava, Rakesh K||Shah, Trushar M||Supriya, Ambawat||Kumar, Sushil||Ramana Kumari, Basava||Bhanuprakash, Amindala||Narasu, Mangamoori Lakshmi||Riera-Lizarazu, Oscar||Hash, Charles Thomas

publication date

  • March 2013