An Integrated System Dynamics and Discrete Event Supply Chain Simulation Framework for Supply Chain Resilience with Non-Stationary Pandemic Demand Conference Paper uri icon


  • COVID-19 resulted in some of the largest supply chain disruptions in recent history. To mitigate the impact of future disruptions, we propose an integrated hybrid simulation framework to couple nonstationary demand signals from an event like COVID-19 with a model of an end-to-end supply chain. We first create a system dynamics susceptible-infected-recovered (SIR) model, augmenting a classic epidemiological model to create a realistic portrayal of demand patterns for oxygen concentrators (OC). Informed by this granular demand signal, we then create a supply chain discrete event simulation model of OC sourcing, manufacturing, and distribution to test production augmentation policies to satisfy this increased demand. This model utilizes publicly available data, engineering teardowns of OCs, and a supply chain illumination to identify suppliers. Our findings indicate that this coupled approach can use realistic demand during a disruptive event to enable rapid recommendations of policies for increased supply chain resilience with controlled cost.

published proceedings

  • Proceedings of the Winter Simulation Conference 2023 (WSC 2023) Simulation for Resilient Systems

author list (cited authors)

  • Camur, M. C., Tseng, C., Thanos, A. E., White, C. C., Yund, W., & Iakovou, E.

complete list of authors

  • Camur, MC||Tseng, C||Thanos, AE||White, CC||Yund, W||Iakovou, Eleftherios

publication date

  • August 2023