Nutritional value of torula yeast as an alternative protein feedstuff for hybrid Striped Bass (White Bass x Striped Bass) Academic Article uri icon


  • AbstractObjectiveTwo separate trials were conducted to evaluate the digestibility of a novel alternative ingredient, enhanced torula yeast (TY) Cyberlindnera jadinii, in diets for hybrid Striped Bass (HSB; White Bass Morone chrysops Striped Bass M. saxatilis) and to evaluate graded inclusion levels of this product when replacing soybean products.MethodsIn trial 1, the digestibility of TY was determined by testing a reference diet and a TY diet (reference and TY ingredient at an 80:20 ratio). A total of 90 fish were fed the experimental digestibility diets for 21days, and fecal samples were collected using the stripping technique. In trial 2, a comparative feeding trial evaluated the replacement of soybean meal by TY on a crude protein basis at 50, 100, 200, and 300g of TY/kg of experimental diet. A total of 150 HSB (18.60.21g/fish [mean + SE]) were distributed among fifteen 110L glass aquaria. Each diet was fed to triplicate groups of fish for 9weeks.ResultIn trial 1, apparent digestibility coefficients for protein, lipid, organic matter, and energy of TY were 0.97, 0.98, 0.75, and 0.75, respectively. The availability of essential amino acids also was generally high, ranging from 0.74 to 0.99. For trial 2, a secondorder polynomial regression indicated that the optimal inclusion levels of TY in diets were 102, 112, and 109g/kg for weight gain, feed efficiency, and protein conversion efficiency, respectively. However, the muscle yield linearly decreased with the graded inclusion levels of TY. Linear increases in intraperitoneal fat, hepatosomatic index, and wholebody lipid were observed as the inclusion of TY increased in the diet.ConclusionIn conclusion, nutrients from TY were well utilized by HSB, and it can replace soybean products without affecting growth performance, with the optimal TY inclusion level being 102112g/kg of diet.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Chen, K., Yamamoto, F. Y., de Cruz, C. R., & Gatlin III, D. M.

complete list of authors

  • Chen, Kequan||Yamamoto, Fernando Y||de Cruz, Clement R||Gatlin III, Delbert M

publication date

  • 2023