Neurologic Evaluation of the Equine Head and Neurogenic Dysphagia
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Neurologic evaluation should be performed in horses with diseases of the head. Although neurologic examination should focus on assessing behavior, mental status, and cranial nerve evaluation, evaluation of neurologic function of other body regions should be performed. Neurologic evaluation of the head can be performed expediently by practitioners to provide useful diagnostic and prognostic information. The numerous causes of dysphagia can be classified as obstructive, painful, or neurogenic. Common causes of neurogenic dysphagia are summarized, and methods for initial diagnosis and management are described. Maintaining adequate nutrition and preventing aspiration pneumonia are principal concerns in managing horses with neurogenic dysphagia.
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