Evaluation of the efficacy of gallium maltolate for chemoprophylaxis against pneumonia caused by Rhodococcus equi infection in foals.
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OBJECTIVE: To determine the chemoprophylactic effect of gallium maltolate on the cumulative incidence of pneumonia caused by Rhodococcus equi infection in foals. ANIMALS: 483 foals born and raised on 12 equine breeding farms with a history of endemic R equi infections. PROCEDURES: Group 1 foals were treated with a placebo and group 2 foals were treated with gallium maltolate (approx 30 mg/kg, PO, q 24 h) during the first 2 weeks after birth. Foals were monitored for development of pneumonia attributable to R equi infection and for adverse effects of gallium maltolate. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in the cumulative incidence of R equi pneumonia among the 2 groups. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Chemoprophylaxis via gallium maltolate administered orally at approximately 30 mg/kg daily for the first 2 weeks after birth failed to reduce the cumulative incidence of pneumonia attributable to R equi infection among foals on breeding farms with endemic R equi infections. Further investigation is needed to identify strategies for control of R equi infections.
author list (cited authors)
Chaffin, M. K., Cohen, N. D., Martens, R. J., O'Conor, M., & Bernstein, L. R.