Representation of Fractional Operators Using the Theory of Functional Connections Academic Article uri icon


  • This work considers fractional operators (derivatives and integrals) as surfacesf(x,)subject to the function constraints defined by integer operators, which is a mandatory requirement of any fractional operator definition. In this respect, the problem can be seen as the problem of generating a surface constrained at some positive integer values offor fractional derivatives and at some negative integer values for fractional integrals. This paper shows that by using the Theory of Functional Connections, all (past, present, and future) fractional operators can be approximated at a high level of accuracy by smooth surfaces and with no continuity issues. This practical approach provides a simple and unified tool to simulate nonlocal fractional operators that are usually defined by infinite series and/or complicated integrals.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Mortari, D.

complete list of authors

  • Mortari, Daniele

publication date

  • 2023