Innovation is the key: identifying factors to increase career satisfaction and psychological well-being in millennial and generation Z sport employees Academic Article uri icon


  • PurposeThe purpose of this study was to investigate how to generate innovative work behaviors among Millennial and Generation Z sport employees and its impact on their career satisfaction and psychological well-being.Design/methodology/approachThe authors used structural equation modeling to examine the relationships among predictors of job engagement, innovative work behaviors, career satisfaction and psychological well-being. The model was tested across managerial sport employees of Division I athletics departments (N=224).FindingsThe highlights of the study include job engagement's positive relationship with innovative work behaviors and the positive influence of innovative work behavior on career satisfaction and psychological well-being.Originality/valueThese findings signify the importance of considering job engagement and innovative work behaviors to develop a positive work experience for Millennial and Generation Z sport employees. Doing so is thought to be a critical step in cultivating an organizational competitive advantage via younger generations of sport employees.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 3.2

author list (cited authors)

  • Hill, J., Kim, M., Oja, B. D., Kim, H. S., & Lee, H.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Hill, Jasamine||Kim, Minjung||Oja, Brent D||Kim, Han Soo||Lee, Hyun-Woo

publication date

  • 2023