A Combination of Radiomic Features, Imaging Characteristics, and Serum Tumor Biomarkers to Predict the Possibility of the High-Grade Subtypes of Lung Adenocarcinoma. Academic Article uri icon


  • RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Lung adenocarcinomas (LADC) containing high-grade subtypes have a poorer prognosis. And some studies have shown that high-grade subtypes have been identified as an independent predictor of local recurrence in patients treated with limited resection. The aim of this study was to construct a combined model based on radiomic features, imaging characteristics and serum tumor biomarkers to predict the possibility of preoperative high-grade subtypes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 156 patients with LADC were retrospectively recruited in this study. These patients were randomly divided into training and validation cohorts. Radiomics features and imaging characteristics were extracted from plain CT images. A nomogram was developed in a training cohort by univariate and multivariate logistic analysis, and its performance was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, calibration curves, and decision curve analysis (DCA) in the training and validation cohorts. RESULTS: A total of 1316 radiomic features were extracted from the lesions in plain chest CT images. After applying the mRMR algorithm and the LASSO regression, 4 features were retained. Based on these radiomic features, Radiomic score (Radscore) was calculated for each patient. Spiculation, air bronchogram sign, CYFRA 21-1 and Radscore had been used in the construction of the combined model. The AUC of the combined model was respectively 0.88 (95% CI, 0.82-0.95) and 0.94 (95% CI, 0.86-1.00) in the training and validation cohorts. CONCLUSION: The combined model based on CT images and serum tumor biomarkers, can predict the high-grade subtypes of LADC in a non-invasive manner, which may influence individual treatment planning, such as the choice of surgical approach and postoperative adjuvant therapy.

published proceedings

  • Acad Radiol

altmetric score

  • 0.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Liu, Y., Chang, Y., Zha, X., Bao, J., Wu, Q., Dai, H., & Hu, C.

citation count

  • 5

complete list of authors

  • Liu, Yuanqing||Chang, Yue||Zha, Xinyi||Bao, Jiayi||Wu, Qian||Dai, Hui||Hu, Chunhong

publication date

  • December 2022