Use of octreotide for the treatment of protein-losing enteropathy in dogs: Retrospective study of 18 cases. Academic Article uri icon


  • BACKGROUND: More than 50% of dogs with protein-losing enteropathy (PLE) fail to respond to standard therapies. Octreotide, a somatostatin analogue, is used in cases of intestinal lymphangiectasia (IL) in humans with some success. OBJECTIVES: Describe the use of octreotide in dogs with PLE including reason for and details of prescription, adverse effects, and apparent response. ANIMALS: Eighteen dogs with PLE, 13 with histopathology available. Ninety-two percent (12/13) had IL diagnosed on biopsy. All 13 dogs had intestinal inflammatory infiltrates noted. METHODS: Multicenter, retrospective, descriptive study. Cases were volunteered for inclusion by individual attending veterinarians who reported the use of octreotide in cases of PLE. RESULTS: In 16/18 (89%) cases octreotide was prescribed to PLE dogs with a clinical suspicion or confirmed diagnosis of IL that were refractory to standard therapies. Median serum albumin at the time of octreotide prescription was 1.7g/dL (range, 1.0-3.1g/dL). The median dose of octreotide prescribed was 20g/kg, SQ, daily with a range of 4-39g/kg, SQ, daily. Adverse effects were noted in 3/18 (17%, 95% CI [4%, 41%]) of dogs; discontinuation of the drug was necessary in 1 dog. Improvement in clinical signs was noted in 6/12 (50%, 95% CI [21%, 79%]). CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: Octreotide was most commonly prescribed to dogs with PLE and suspected or confirmed IL that had failed to respond to standard therapies. Though a benefit to PLE dogs cannot be confirmed, octreotide was well tolerated by the majority of dogs at the doses prescribed in this study.

published proceedings

  • J Vet Intern Med

author list (cited authors)

  • Jablonski, S. A., Mazepa, A., & Tolbert, M. K.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Jablonski, Sara A||Mazepa, Allison SW||Tolbert, M Katherine

publication date

  • December 2023