High-Throughput Screening of Thiol-ene Click Chemistries for Bone Adhesive Polymers. Academic Article uri icon


  • Metal surgical pins and screws are employed in millions of orthopedic surgical procedures every year worldwide, but their usability is limited in the case of complex, comminuted fractures or in surgeries on smaller bones. Therefore, replacing such implants with a bone adhesive material has long been considered an attractive option. However, synthesizing a biocompatible bone adhesive with a high bond strength that is simple to apply presents many challenges. To rapidly identify candidate polymers for a biocompatible bone adhesive, we employed a high-throughput screening strategy to assess human mesenchymal stromal cell (hMSC) adhesion toward a library of polymers synthesized via thiol-ene click chemistry. We chose thiol-ene click chemistry because multifunctional monomers can be rapidly cured via ultraviolet (UV) light while minimizing residual monomer, and it provides a scalable manufacturing process for candidate polymers identified from a high-throughput screen. This screening methodology identified a copolymer (1-S2-FT01) composed of the monomers 1,3,5-triallyl-1,3,5-triazine-2,4,6(1H,3H,5H)-trione (TATATO) and pentaerythritol tetrakis (3-mercaptopropionate) (PETMP), which supported highest hMSC adhesion across a library of 90 polymers. The identified copolymer (1-S2-FT01) exhibited favorable compressive and tensile properties compared to existing commercial bone adhesives and adhered to bone with adhesion strengths similar to commercially available bone glues such as Histoacryl. Furthermore, this cytocompatible polymer supported osteogenic differentiation of hMSCs and could adhere 3D porous polymer scaffolds to the bone tissue, making this polymer an ideal candidate as an alternative bone adhesive with broad utility in orthopedic surgery.

published proceedings

  • ACS Appl Mater Interfaces

author list (cited authors)

  • Ganabady, K., Contessi Negrini, N., Scherba, J. C., Nitschke, B. M., Alexander, M. R., Vining, K. H., ... Celiz, A. D.

complete list of authors

  • Ganabady, Kavya||Contessi Negrini, Nicola||Scherba, Jacob C||Nitschke, Brandon M||Alexander, Morgan R||Vining, Kyle H||Grunlan, Melissa A||Mooney, David J||Celiz, Adam D

publication date

  • October 2023