Coat protein genealogy and complete genome characterization of field isolates of rice yellow mottle virus from Zambia Academic Article uri icon


  • AbstractRice yellow mottle virus (RYMV) is widespread in mainland Africa and adjoining islands but to date its occurrence in Zambia is unknown. In March 2022, field surveys were conducted in Luapula, Northern, Western and Eastern provinces of Zambia to determine the occurrence of RYMV and its genetic relationship with global isolates of the virus. Thirtythree paddy rice fields were visited and 108 leaf tissue samples were collected for analysis. The incidence of yellow mottle symptoms ranged from 25% to 43% in 10 (30.3%) of 33 fields and RYMV was detected in 35 (32.4%) of 108 samples by RTPCR with virusspecific primers. A subset of 27 RYMVpositive samples was constituted from which fulllength (720bp) coat protein (CP) regions were amplified followed by bidirectional Sanger sequencing. Phylogenetic analysis of the CP cistron revealed distinct clustering of the isolates from Zambia in a monophyletic clade as subtype of the RYMV strain S4. Three isolates were randomly selected and used to obtain complete RYMV genomes of 44484449 nucleotides (nt). Comparative analysis of both the CP and the complete RYMV genomes from Zambia with their corresponding sequences in GenBank revealed that they shared 92%93.2% nt identities with strain S4 isolates. These results confirm for the first time occurrence of RYMV strain S4 in Zambia and further reinforce the need for phytosanitary vigilance to safeguard rice production in Zambia.

published proceedings

  • Journal of Phytopathology

author list (cited authors)

  • Mulenga, R. M., Komatsubara, S., Sichilima, S., Chikoti, P. C., Kaimoyo, E., Malumbe, O., & Alabi, O. J.

complete list of authors

  • Mulenga, Rabson M||Komatsubara, Shu||Sichilima, Suwilanji||Chikoti, Patrick Chiza||Kaimoyo, Evans||Malumbe, Oscar||Alabi, Olufemi J