Identification of estrogen-induced genes downregulated by AhR agonists in MCF-7 breast cancer cells using suppression subtractive hybridization
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Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) agonists inhibit 17beta-estradiol (E2) induced growth of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells in vitro and rodent mammary tumor growth in vivo. Genes associated with inhibitory AhR-estrogen receptor (ER) crosstalk were investigated in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells using poly(A)(+)RNA from cells treated with either 1 nM E2 (target) or E2 plus 1 nM 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) (reference) or 25 microM diindolylmethane (DIM) as AhR agonists in MCF-7 cells. Suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) was subsequently used to identify 33 genes with sequence homology to known human genes that are induced by E2 and inhibited by AhR agonists in MCF-7 cells; two unknown genes were also identified. Many of these genes are involved in cell proliferation and these include cell cycle regulators (cdc28/cdc2-associated protein), nucleotide synthases (thymidylate synthase), early intermediate genes (early growth response alpha, EGRalpha) and other proteins involved in signaling pathways (calmodulin, ATP synthase alpha subunit). Thus SSH has identified a diverse spectrum of new genes that are affected by inhibitory AhR-ER crosstalk and among this group are a subset of genes that may be critical for the in vivo antitumorigenic effects of AhR agonists.
author list (cited authors)
Chen, I., Hsieh, T., Thomas, T., & Safe, S.