LM fibroblast plasma membrane subfractionation by affinity chromatography on con A-sepharose.
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Affinity chromatography was used to determine the heterogeneity and orientation of plasma membrane vesicles isolated from LM fibroblasts subjected to Dounce homogenization. Two plasma membrane subfractions were obtained by Con A-Sepharose affinity chromatography of LM fibroblast plasma membranes prepared by Dounce homogenization. The desmosterol-phospholipid molar ratio, the phospholipid composition, and the phospholipid fatty acid composition were almost identical between the two fractions. However, the lipid to protein ratio was almost 2-fold greater in the nonadherent fraction A. The binding of fluorescein-concanavalin A was the same in both fractions indicating a right-sided-out orientation of the vesicles. Similarly and asymmetric distribution of phosphatidylethanolamine in both membrane fractions was the same. In contrast, sialic acid content, 5'-nucleotidase activity, and (Na+ + K+)-ATPase activity were 47%, 3.7-fold, and 2.5-fold greater, respectively, in the nonadherent, lipid-rich fraction A. Structural properties of the two membrane fractions determined by fluorescence polarization and arrhenius plots of trans-parinaric acid fluorescence were similar. These results indicate that concanavalin-A affinity chromatography separates two membrane fractions differing in sialic acid content, lipid content, and enzyme profile but having the same right-side-out orientation.
author list (cited authors)
Schroeder, F., Fontaine, R. N., & Kinden, D. A.
complete list of authors
Schroeder, F||Fontaine, RN||Kinden, DA