Polyene fatty acid interactions with recombinant intestinal and liver fatty acid-binding proteins. Spectroscopic studies. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Binding and proximity relationships of fatty acids with recombinant rat liver fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP) and intestinal fatty acid-binding protein (I-FABP) were studied with absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy. Protein aromatic amino acids were examined in the absence and presence of bound fatty acid. Second derivative absorbance spectroscopy of the apo- and holoproteins suggested that fatty acid binding altered the conformation of L-FABP, but not of I-FABP. Fatty acid binding also blocked the accessibility of L-FABP tyrosine and I-FABP tryptophan to Stern-Volmer quenching by acrylamide, indicating that these amino acids were present in the fatty acid-binding pocket. Forster energy transfer from I-FABP tryptophan to bound cis-parinaric acid resulted in quenching of tryptophan lifetime and appearance of sensitized lifetime of bound cis-parinaric acid. The calculated donor-acceptor distances were 16.9 +/- 0.6 and 19.2 +/- 0.3 A for I-FABP and L-FABP, respectively. Absorbance spectral shifts and ratios of fluorescence excitation maxima indicated that the parinaric acid microenvironment in the fatty acid-binding site of I-FABP was much less polar than that of L-FABP. Parinaric acids displayed similar rotational correlation time and limiting anisotropy when bound to I-FABP and to L-FABP. These results are consistent with a close proximity of bound fatty acids to the tyrosine and tryptophan residues and with immobilization of the polyene fatty acids in the fatty acid-binding site(s) of L-FABP and I-FABP. The two proteins differ in that only L-FABP has two fatty acid-binding sites and appears to undergo significant conformational change upon fatty acid binding.

author list (cited authors)

  • Nemecz, G., Jefferson, J. R., & Schroeder, F.

citation count

  • 60

complete list of authors

  • Nemecz, G||Jefferson, JR||Schroeder, F

publication date

  • September 1991