Fluorescence probes in metastatic B16 melanoma membranes.
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Fluorescence probe molecules, trans-parinaric acid and 1,6-diphenylhexatriene, were utilized to characterize the structure of plasma membranes, microsomes and mitochondria from B16 melanoma cells. High metastastic B16-F10 and low metastatic B16-F1 melanoma cell lines had markedly different membrane structures. The fluorescence polarization, fluorescence lifetime and limiting anisotropy of trans-parinaric acid were significantly lower (P less than 0.05) in all three membrane fractions of the B16-F1 cell line than in the corresponding membranes of the B16-F10 cell line. These data indicated less restriction to rotational motion in the solid lipid domains of B16-F1 cell membranes preferentially sensed by trans-parinaric acid. The limiting anisotropy of both trans-parinaric acid and 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene was significantly lower in the outer monolayer than the inner monolayer of the plasma membrane of B16-F1 cells but not in B16-F10 cells. A breakpoint in Arrhenius plots of fluorescence near 30-34 degrees C indicated the presence of a phase separation that was assigned to the inner monolayer of the plasma membrane. However, no differences in this breakpoint temperature were noted between the B16-F1 and B16-F10 melanoma membranes. Thus, more fluid solid membrane domains and a distinct transbilayer fluidity difference were characteristic of plasma membranes from low metastatic B16-F1 melanoma cells in contrast to high metastatic B16-F10 melanoma cells.
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