Local and metastatic tumor growth and membrane properties of LM fibroblasts in athymic (nude) mice.
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LM fibroblasts grown in a chemically-defined, serum-free medium readily incorporated choline or one of three analogues of choline, namely N,N-dimethylethanolamine, N-monomethylethanolamine, or ethanolamine into membrane phospholipids. The effect of these phospholipid manipulations in vitro on tumor growth and metastasis was examined in nude mice. Serum and choline-fed cells most frequently metastasized (74% and 68%, respectively), while frequency of lung metastasis was 46%, 42% and 17% in mice injected with cells fed with dimethylethanolamine, monomethylethanolamine, and ethanolamine, respectively. Metastases from cells cultured with serum, choline or dimethylethanolamine, but not from monomethylethanolamine or ethanolamine, were extensive and highly invasive. The specific activity of the (Na+ + K+)-ATPase but not of 5'-nucleotidase was significantly decreased in local tumor plasma membranes from choline analogue-fed cells as compared to tumor plasma membranes from choline-fed cells. When compared to the choline-fed tumor cells, the specific activities of three mitochondrial enzymes, namely NADH dependent, rotenone insensitive NADH-dependent, and rotenone sensitive NADH-dependent cytochrome-c reductase, were significantly increased in the choline analogue-supplemented cells. The arachidonic acid content of phosphatidylcholine in plasma membranes, microsomes, and mitochondria was significantly decreased in tumor membranes from choline analogue-fed cells as compared to tumor membranes from choline-fed cells. As compared to local tumor plasma membranes, the lung metastasis plasma membranes had elevated (Na+ + K+)-ATPase specific activity, phospholipid oleic and arachidonic acid content, and fluidity. In contrast, the 5'-nucleotidase specific activity, the content of cholesterol, phospholipid, and phosphatidylethanolamine were decreased in lung metastasis plasma membranes. In summary, membrane alterations of LM tumor cells in vitro (1) were not completely reversed in vivo, and (2) affected metastatic ability.
author list (cited authors)
Kier, A. B., Parker, M. T., & Schroeder, F.
complete list of authors
Kier, AB||Parker, MT||Schroeder, F