Accelerated autoimmune disease and lymphoreticular neoplasms in F1 hybrid PN/NZB and NZB/PN mice. Academic Article uri icon


  • This report describes the first studies of inheritance of autoimmunity in inbred Palmerston North (PN) mice, a model of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Mating of PN mice with the nonautoimmune DBA/2 strain produced evidence that PN disease had a recessive mode of inheritance. When PN mice were crossed with autoimmune NZB mice, female offspring from both crosses developed anti-DNA antibodies and died prematurely with vasculitis, renal disease, and lymphomas. In contrast, reciprocal hybrid males had different patterns of mortality; PN/NZB males from the PN female X NZB male mating had moderately prolonged life spans, whereas NZB/PN males from the opposite cross (NZB female X PN male) had prolonged survival to the mean age of 104 weeks. To determine if testicular hormones were solely responsible for increased longevity in hybrid males, PN/NZB and NZB/PN mice were castrated at 2 weeks of age and compared to sham-operated littermate controls. Prepubertal castration did not influence longevity in PN/NZB males, but loss of gonadal hormones significantly reduced life spans in reciprocal NZB/PN males. Female hybrids were not affected by oophorectomy. Because castration changed disease expression only in male hybrids from the NZB female X PN male cross, it was concluded that parentage influenced sensitivity to the protective effects of male hormones. Although surgical sterilization had disparate effects on males, castrated PN/NZB and NZB/PN males consistently outlived oophorectomized females. The lack of clear-cut reversal of disease in males subjected to early castration suggested that nonhormonal, possibly genetic, factors contributed to longevity in both groups of male hybrids.

published proceedings

  • Clin Immunol Immunopathol

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Walker, S. E., Kier, A. B., Siegfied, E. C., Harris, B. G., & Schultz, J. S.

citation count

  • 4

complete list of authors

  • Walker, SE||Kier, AB||Siegfied, EC||Harris, BG||Schultz, JS

publication date

  • April 1986