A 'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum' haplotype B-specific family of candidate bacterial effectors. Academic Article uri icon


  • 'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum' (Lso) is a phloem-limited pathogen associated with devastating diseases in members of the Solanaceae and Apiaceae and vectored by several psyllid species. Different Lso haplotypes have been identified, and LsoA and LsoB are responsible for diseases in Solanaceae crops. Our efforts are aimed at identifying pathogenicity factors used by this bacterium to thrive in different hosts. Bacterial secreted proteins can play a role in host colonization or the manipulation of the host immune responses; these proteins are called effectors. In this study, we identified six LsoB specific proteins with a conserved secretion motif as well as a conserved N-terminal domain in the mature protein. These proteins had different expression and secretion patterns but a similar subcellular localization in Nicotiana benthamiana leaves suggesting they play different roles regardless of their conserved secretion motif. One of these proteins, CKC_04425, was expressed at high levels in the insect vector and the host plant indicating it could play a role in both the plant and insect hosts, while the others were mainly expressed in the plant. One protein, CKC_05701, was able to efficiently suppress programmed cell death and reactive oxygen species production suggesting it may have a virulence role in LsoB-specific pathogenesis.

published proceedings

  • Phytopathology

author list (cited authors)

  • Levy, J. G., Oh, J., Mendoza Herrera, M. A., Parida, A., Lao, L., Starkey, J., ... Tamborindeguy, C.

complete list of authors

  • Levy, Julien Gad||Oh, Junepyo||Mendoza Herrera, M Azucena||Parida, Adwaita||Lao, Loi||Starkey, Jesse||Yuan, Peiguo||Kan, Chia-Cheng||Tamborindeguy, Cecilia

publication date

  • September 2023