Functional Bayesian networks for discovering causality from multivariate functional data. Academic Article uri icon


  • Multivariate functional data arise in a wide range of applications. One fundamental task is to understand the causal relationships among these functional objects of interest. In this paper, we develop a novel Bayesian network (BN) model for multivariate functional data where conditional independencies and causal structure are encoded by a directed acyclic graph. Specifically, we allow the functional objects to deviate from Gaussian processes, which is the key to unique causal structure identification even when the functions are measured with noises. A fully Bayesian framework is designed to infer the functional BN model with natural uncertainty quantification through posterior summaries. Simulation studies and real data examples demonstrate the practical utility of the proposedmodel.

published proceedings

  • Biometrics

author list (cited authors)

  • Zhou, F., He, K., Wang, K., Xu, Y., & Ni, Y.

complete list of authors

  • Zhou, Fangting||He, Kejun||Wang, Kunbo||Xu, Yanxun||Ni, Yang

publication date

  • August 2023