Multi-centered investigation of a point-of-care NT-proBNP ELISA assay to detect moderate to severe occult (pre-clinical) feline heart disease in cats referred for cardiac evaluation Academic Article uri icon


  • OBJECTIVE: To prospectively evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of a point-of-care (POC) N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) ELISA to assess the likelihood of moderate to severe occult heart disease (OcHD) in a clinical population of cats suspected to have heart disease. ANIMALS: One hundred and forty-six asymptomatic client-owned cats with a heart murmur, gallop rhythm, arrhythmia, or cardiomegaly. METHODS: Physical examination, blood pressure measurement and echocardiography were performed prospectively. Point-of-care ELISA was visually assessed as either positive or negative by a reader blinded to the echocardiographic results. RESULTS: Forty-three healthy cats, 50 mild OcHD, 31 moderate OcHD, 6 severe OcHD, and 16 cats equivocal for OcHD were examined. Cats with OcHD included 65 with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, 6 with restrictive or unclassified cardiomyopathy, 1 with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy, and 15 with non-cardiomyopathic forms of heart disease. Point-of-care ELISA differentiated cats with moderate or severe OcHD with sensitivity/specificity of 83.8%/82.6% and overall accuracy of 82.9%. Positive POC ELISA increased likelihood of moderate or severe OcHD by a factor of 4.8 vs. those that tested negative. Point-of-care ELISA differentiated cats with moderate or severe cardiomyopathic OcHD with sensitivity/specificity of 88.6%/81.3% and overall accuracy of 83.2%. CONCLUSION: In a select sample of cats referred for cardiac evaluation, positive POC NT-proBNP ELISA increases likelihood of moderate to severe OcHD while negative POC NT-proBNP ELISA result excludes moderate to severe OcHD.

altmetric score

  • 4.35

author list (cited authors)

  • Machen, M. C., Oyama, M. A., Gordon, S. G., Rush, J. E., Achen, S. E., Stepien, R. L., ... Kellihan, H. B.

citation count

  • 29

publication date

  • October 2014