XX/XY Blood Lymphocyte Chimerism in Heterosexual Dizygotic Twins from an American Bashkir Curly Horse. Case Report Academic Article uri icon


  • Cytogenetic analysis and microsatellite genotyping were conducted on a pair of phenotypically normal dizygotic heterosexual equine twins of the American Bashkir Curly breed. The animals had a mixture of 64,XX and 64,XY cells in blood lymphocytes, with their own cells being predominant. Therefore, the 64,XX cells comprised 81% of the lymphocyte population in the female twin and 64,XY comprised 79% in the male twin. Blood chimerism was confirmed by genotyping 30 microsatellite markers. Of these, 15 microsatellites showed the presence of three alleles and all four parental alleles in the blood lymphocytes for both animals. No chimerism was detected in the genomic deoxyribonucleic acid isolated from hair follicles. These results are in agreement with earlier observations that vascular anastomoses can infrequently occur during equine multiple pregnancies resulting in blood lymphocyte chimerism without significant effect on the phenotype. 2010 Elsevier Inc.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Juras, R., Raudsepp, T., Das, P. J., Conant, E., & Cothran, E. G.

citation count

  • 10

complete list of authors

  • Juras, R||Raudsepp, T||Das, PJ||Conant, E||Cothran, EG

publication date

  • January 2010