Incidence of the mask phenotype M264V mutation in Labrador Retrievers.
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The introduction of SNP (Single Nucleotide Polymorphism) chips allows for the rapid typing of multiple markers for many individuals at one time. Our lab routinely types dogs using a custom designed combined panel of SNPs for parentage verification and a number of genes for diagnostic tests using an OpenArray platform manufactured by BioTrove (Woburn, MA, USA). By utilizing the same SNP panel across a wide array of canine breeds it is possible to detect trait-associated SNPs in breeds not thought to carry those traits. We genotyped 245 Labrador Retrievers on the canine SNP chip and found 13 animals heterozygous for the M264V mutation associated with autosomal dominant mask trait, and one animal homozygous for this trait. The color genotypes for these animals were further examined. In standard colored Labradors (black, chocolate, and yellow), the mask phenotype would never be distinguishable. As illustrated by this example, we feel this SNP panel is a valuable method for discovering traits not known to exist in a breed.
author list (cited authors)
Conant, E. K., Juras, R., & Cothran, E. G.