Cilostazol blocks pregnancy in naturally cycling mice.
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BACKGROUND: Administration of a phosphodiesterase three enzyme inhibitor (PDE3-I) in rodents and primates results in ovulation of immature oocytes. Concerns regarding inhibition of PDE3 enzymes that are expressed in heart and blood vessels discouraged further development of PDE3-Is as nonsteroidal contraceptives. Cilostazol (CLZ) is a PDE3A-I that is approved for medical indications in humans and has an additional effect of adenosine uptake inhibition that is believed to counterbalance the undesirable outcomes resulting from PDE inhibition. STUDY DESIGN: Cycling mature female mice were treated with 7.5 or 15 mg CLZ, dimethyl sulfoxide or water beginning on the day of proestrus. Animals were placed with fertility-proven males after 3 days of treatment. Treatments were continued until 1 day after detection of a vaginal plug, and then females were monitored up to 30 days postbreeding to assess the effects of the compounds on pregnancy. Each of the treated female with CLZ was then remated with the same male and again monitored up to 30 days. RESULTS: None of the CLZ-treated mice produced offspring, whereas all of the control animals maintained pregnancy and delivered normal pups (p<.0001). Remating of the previously CLZ-treated females exhibited normal pregnancies and gave birth to live offspring that were not different from the controls. CONCLUSION: CLZ is a potential nonsteroidal contraceptive agent that merits further evaluation in other mammals.
author list (cited authors)
Albarzanchi, A., Sayes, C. M., Ridha Albarzanchi, M. T., Fajt, V. R., Dees, W. L., & Kraemer, D. C.
complete list of authors
Albarzanchi, Ahmed M Taiyeb||Sayes, Christie M||Ridha Albarzanchi, Mundhir T||Fajt, Virginia R||Dees, W Les||Kraemer, Duane C