Temperatures of storage areas in large animal veterinary practice vehicles in the summer and comparison with drug manufacturers' storage recommendations. Academic Article uri icon


  • BACKGROUND: Large animal veterinarians carry drugs in their practice vehicles in storage areas that are not typically refrigerated. The most common upper limits of manufacturers' storage temperatures for United States (U.S.)-approved non-refrigerated drugs are 25 or 30C. Because ambient temperatures in many locations in the U.S. exceed these temperatures during the summer, we measured storage area temperatures over 4months in the summer of 2013 to evaluate the extent to which labeled storage temperatures are exceeded. METHODS: A convenience sample of 12 vehicles from 5 central Texas practices and 12 vehicles from 4 south central Nebraska practices was used. Temperatures were recorded in one drug storage compartment in each vehicle from May 15 - September 16, 2013, at 15-minute intervals using a self-contained, battery operated temperature recording device. RESULTS: The highest temperatures recorded in a storage unit were 54.4 and 47.7C in Texas and Nebraska, respectively. The mean temperature recorded across all 24 storage units was 29.1C, with a mean of 26.9C in Nebraska and 31.4C in Texas. In Nebraska, at least one temperature over 25C was recorded on a mean of 111/124days and a mean of 63% of total logger readings. In Texas, temperatures over 25C were recorded on a mean of 123/124days and a mean of 95% of total logger readings. CONCLUSIONS: Temperatures in storage units in participating veterinary practice vehicles exceeded labeled drug storage temperatures a significant portion of the summer of 2013. More research is needed to determine whether these excursions above the manufacturers' recommended storage temperatures alter efficacy of stored drugs.

published proceedings

  • BMC Vet Res

altmetric score

  • 1.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Ondrak, J. D., Jones, M. L., & Fajt, V. R
  • Ondrak, J. D., Jones, M. L., & Fajt, V. R.

citation count

  • 9

complete list of authors

  • Ondrak, Jeff D||Jones, Meredyth L||Fajt, Virginia R

publication date

  • January 1, 2015 11:11 AM
  • December 2015