Ablation of the liver fatty acid binding protein gene decreases fatty acyl CoA binding capacity and alters fatty acyl CoA pool distribution in mouse liver.
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Although liver fatty acid binding protein (L-FABP) is known to bind not only long chain fatty acid (LCFA) but also long chain fatty acyl CoA (LCFA-CoA), the physiological significance of LCFA-CoA binding has been questioned and remains to be resolved. To address this issue, the effect of L-FABP gene ablation on liver cytosolic LCFA-CoA binding, LCFA-CoA pool size, LCFA-CoA esterification, and potential compensation by other intracellular LCFA-CoA binding proteins was examined. L-FABP gene ablation resulted not only in loss of L-FABP but also in concomitant upregulation of two other intracellular LCFA-CoA binding proteins, acyl CoA binding protein (ACBP) and sterol carrier protein-2 (SCP-2), by 45 and 80%, respectively. Nevertheless, the soluble fraction from livers of L-FABP (-/-) mice bound 95% less radioactive oleoyl-CoA than wild-type L-FABP (+/+) mice. The intracellular LCFA-CoA binding protein fraction (Fraction III) from wild-type L-FABP (+/+) mice, isolated by gel permeation chromatography of liver soluble proteins, exhibited one high-affinity binding and several low-affinity binding sites for cis-parinaroyl-CoA, a naturally occurring fluorescent LCFA-CoA. In contrast, high-affinity LCFA-CoA binding was absent from Fraction III of L-FABP (-/-) mice. While L-FABP gene ablation did not alter liver LCFA-CoA pool size, LCFA-CoA acyl chains of L-FABP (-/-) mouse livers were enriched 2.1-fold in C16:1 and decreased 1.9-fold in C20:0 fatty acids. Finally, L-FABP gene ablation selectively increased the amount of LCFAs esterified into liver phospholipid > cholesteryl ester, while concomitantly decreasing the amount of fatty acids esterified into triglycerides by 40%. In summary, these data with L-FABP (-/-) mice demonstrated for the first time that L-FABP is a physiologically significant contributor to determining liver cytosolic LCFA-CoA binding capacity, LCFA-CoA acyl chain distribution, and esterified fatty acid distribution.
author list (cited authors)
Martin, G. G., Huang, H., Atshaves, B. P., Binas, B., & Schroeder, F.
complete list of authors
Martin, Gregory G||Huang, Huan||Atshaves, Barbara P||Binas, Bert||Schroeder, Friedhelm