Expression of fatty acyl-CoA binding proteins in colon cells: response to butyrate and transformation.
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Fatty acyl-CoA affect many cellular functions as well as serving as cellular building blocks. Several families of cytosolic fatty acyl-CoA binding proteins may modulate the activities of fatty acyl-CoA. Intestinal enterocytes contain at least three unique families of cytosolic proteins that bind fatty acyl-CoA: acyl-CoA binding protein (ACBP), fatty acid binding proteins (including the liver, L-FABP and intestinal, I-FABP), and sterol carrier protein-2 (SCP-2). Immortalized rat colon epithelial cell lines expressed only ACBP and SCP-2 at levels of 0.75 +/- 0.13 and 0.42 +/- 0.02 ng/microgram protein. Ras and src transformation increased colon cell density and differentially altered ACBP and SCP-2 expression without affecting I-FABP or L-FABP levels. ACBP levels were 1.8-fold and 1.5-fold increased in ras- and src-transformed cells, respectively. In contrast, SCP-2 expression was significantly decreased 55 and 67% in ras- and src-transformed cells, respectively. Butyrate treatment of ras- and src-transformed cells decreased cell proliferation up to 60-85% as compared to 25-30% in control cells. Butyrate treatment decreased ACBP expression in all cell lines but had no effect on the levels of SCP-2, I-FABP, or L-FABP. These studies suggest that the differential expression of ACBP and SCP-2 in rat colonic cell lines, as well as their modulation by butyrate, may be altered by cell transformation.
author list (cited authors)
Gossett, R. E., Schroeder, F., Gunn, J. M., & Kier, A. B.
complete list of authors
Gossett, RE||Schroeder, F||Gunn, JM||Kier, AB