Structure of dehydroergosterol monohydrate and interaction with sterol carrier protein-2.
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Dehydroergosterol [ergosta-5,7,9(11),22-tetraen-3beta-ol] is a naturally-occurring, fluorescent sterol utilized extensively to probe membrane cholesterol distribution, cholesterol-protein interactions, and intracellular cholesterol transport both in vitro and in vivo. In aqueous solutions, the low solubility of dehydroergosterol results in the formation of monohydrate crystals similar to cholesterol. Low temperature X-ray diffraction analysis reveals that dehydroergosterol monohydrate crystallizes in the space group P2(1) with four molecules in the unit cell and monoclinic crystal parameters a = 9.975(1) A, b = 7.4731(9) A, c = 34.054(4) A, and beta = 92.970(2) degrees somewhat similar to ergosterol monohydrate. The molecular arrangement is in a slightly closer packed bilayer structure resembling cholesterol monohydrate. Since dehydroergosterol fluorescence emission undergoes a quantum yield enhancement and red-shift of its maximum wavelength when crystallized, formation or disruption of microcrystals was monitored with high sensitivity using cuvette-based spectroscopy and multi-photon laser scanning imaging microscopy. This manuscript reports on the dynamical effect of sterol carrier protein-2 (SCP-2) interacting between aqueous dispersions of dehydroergosterol monohydrate microcrystal donors and acceptors consisting not only of model membranes but also vesicles derived from plasma membranes isolated by biochemical fractionation and affinity purification from Madin-Darby canine kidney cells. Furthermore, this study provides real-time measurements of the effect of increased SCP-2 levels on the rate of disappearance of dehydroergosterol microcrystals in living cells.
author list (cited authors)
McIntosh, A. L., Atshaves, B. P., Gallegos, A. M., Storey, S. M., Reibenspies, J. H., Kier, A. B., Meyer, E., & Schroeder, F.
complete list of authors
McIntosh, Avery L||Atshaves, Barbara P||Gallegos, Adalberto M||Storey, Stephen M||Reibenspies, Joseph H||Kier, Ann B||Meyer, Edgar||Schroeder, Friedhelm