Fatty Acid Binding Protein: Stimulation of Microsomal Phosphatidic Acid Formation Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The effect of fatty acid binding proteins (FABPs) on two key steps of microsomal phosphatidic acid formation was examined. Rat liver microsomes were purified by size-exclusion chromatography to remove endogenous cytosolic fatty acid and fatty acyl-CoA binding proteins while recombinant FABPs were used to avoid cross-contamination with such proteins from native tissue. Neither rat liver (L-FABP) nor rat intestinal fatty acid binding protein (I-FABP) stimulated liver microsomal fatty acyl-CoA synthase. In contrast, L-FABP and I-FABP enhanced microsomal conversion of [14C]oleoyl-CoA and glycerol 3-phosphate to [14C]phosphatidic acid by 18- and 7-fold, respectively. The mechanism for this stimulation, especially by I-FABP, is not known. However, several observations presented here suggest that, like L-FABP, I-FABP may interact with fatty acyl-CoA and thereby stimulate enzyme activity. First, I-FABP decreased microsomal membrane-bound oleoyl-CoA. Second, oleoyl-CoA displaced I-FABP bound fluorescent fatty acid, cis-parinaric acid, with Ki of 5.3 microM and 1.1 sites. Third, oleoyl-CoA decreased I-FABP tryptophan fluorescence with a Kd of 4.2 microM. Fourth, oleoyl-CoA red shifted emission spectra of acrylodated I-FABP, a sensitive marker of I-FABP interactions with ligands. In summary, the results demonstrate for the first time that both L-FABP and I-FABP stimulate liver microsomal phosphatidic acid formation by enhancing synthesis of phosphatidate from fatty acyl-CoA and glycerol 3-phosphate.

author list (cited authors)

  • Jolly, C. A., Hubbell, T., Behnke, W. D., & Schroeder, F.

citation count

  • 89

complete list of authors

  • Jolly, CA||Hubbell, T||Behnke, WD||Schroeder, F

publication date

  • May 1997