Genome-Wide Association Study of Seed Morphology Traits in Senegalese Sorghum Cultivars. Academic Article uri icon


  • Sorghum is considered the fifth most important crop in the world. Despite the potential value of Senegalese germplasm for various traits, such as resistance to fungal diseases, there is limited information on the study of sorghum seed morphology. In this study, 162 Senegalese germplasms were evaluated for seed area size, length, width, length-to-width ratio, perimeter, circularity, the distance between the intersection of length & width (IS) and center of gravity (CG), and seed darkness and brightness by scanning and analyzing morphology-related traits with SmartGrain software at the USDA-ARS Plant Science Research Unit. Correlations between seed morphology-related traits and traits associated with anthracnose and head smut resistance were analyzed. Lastly, genome-wide association studies were performed on phenotypic data collected from over 16,000 seeds and 193,727 publicly available single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Several significant SNPs were found and mapped to the reference sorghum genome to uncover multiple candidate genes potentially associated with seed morphology. The results indicate clear correlations among seed morphology-related traits and potential associations between seed morphology and the defense response of sorghum. GWAS analysis listed candidate genes associated with seed morphologies that can be used for sorghum breeding in the future.

published proceedings

  • Plants (Basel)

author list (cited authors)

  • Ahn, E., Botkin, J., Ellur, V., Lee, Y., Poudel, K., Prom, L. K., & Magill, C.

complete list of authors

  • Ahn, Ezekiel||Botkin, Jacob||Ellur, Vishnutej||Lee, Yoonjung||Poudel, Kabita||Prom, Louis K||Magill, Clint

publication date

  • June 2023


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