Acyl Coenzyme A Binding Protein CONFORMATIONAL SENSITIVITY TO LONG CHAIN FATTY ACYL-CoA* Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Cellular unbound long chain fatty acyl-CoAs (>14 carbon) are potent regulators of gene transcription and intracellular signaling. Although the cytosolic acyl-CoA binding protein (ACBP) has high affinity for medium chain fatty acyl-CoAs, direct interaction of ACBP with >14-carbon fatty acyl-CoAs has not been established. Steady state, photon counting fluorescence spectroscopy directly established that rat liver ACBP bound 18-carbon cis- and trans-parinaroyl-CoA, Kd = 7.03 +/- 0.95 and 4.40 +/- 0.43 nM. Time-resolved fluorometry revealed that ACBP-bound parinaroyl-CoAs had high rotational freedom within the single, relatively hydrophobic (epsilon <32), binding site. Tyr and Trp fluorescence dynamics demonstrated that apo-ACBP was an ellipsoidal protein (axes of 15 and 9 A) whose conformation was altered by oleoyl-CoA in the holo-ACBP as shown by a 2-A decrease of ACBP hydrodynamic diameter and increased Trp segmental motions. Thus, native liver ACBP binds >14-carbon fatty acyl-CoAs with nanomolar affinity at a single binding site. Acyl-CoA-induced conformational alterations in ACBP may be significant to its putative functions in lipid metabolism and regulation of processes sensitive to unbound long chain fatty acyl-CoAs.

author list (cited authors)

  • Frolov, A., & Schroeder, F.

citation count

  • 51

complete list of authors

  • Frolov, A||Schroeder, F

publication date

  • May 1998