Sterol carrier protein-2 suppresses microsomal acyl-CoA hydrolysis. Academic Article uri icon


  • Although sterol carrier protein 2 (SCP-2) has long been regarded primarily as a sterol transfer protein, its actual physiological function is not known. The recent discovery that SCP-2 binds long chain fatty acyl-CoAs (LCFA-CoAs) with high affinity suggests additional roles for SCP-2 in cellular utilization of LCFA-CoAs for synthesis of glycerides and cholesterol esters. Concomitant to these anabolic pathways, LCFA-CoAs are also degraded by cellular hydrolases. The purpose of the work presented herein was to determine if SCP-2 altered the aqueous pool of LCFA-CoA by (i) extracting LCFA-CoA from microsomal membranes, and (ii) protecting LCFA-CoA from microsomal hydrolase activity. The data demonstrated for the first time that SCP-2 increases the aqueous pool of oleoyl-CoA by increasing the aqueous/membrane distribution oleoyl-CoA by 2.4-fold. In addition, SCP-2 inhibited the hydrolysis of oleoyl-CoA by microsomal acyl-CoA hydrolase 1.6-2.4 fold, depending on the concentration of oleoyl-CoA. By simultaneously extracting LCFA-CoA from membranes and inhibiting LCFA-CoA degradation SCP-2 may potentiate LCFA-CoA transacylation and modulate the role of LCFA-CoAs as intracellular signaling molecules.

published proceedings

  • Mol Cell Biochem

author list (cited authors)

  • Jolly, C. A., Chao, H., Kier, A. B., Billheimer, J. T., & Schroeder, F.

citation count

  • 17

complete list of authors

  • Jolly, CA||Chao, H||Kier, AB||Billheimer, JT||Schroeder, F

publication date

  • January 2000