Does the Treatment Approach for Mandibular Condyle Fractures Impact Self-Perceived Quality of Life? Academic Article uri icon


  • PURPOSE: There is no consensus in mandibular condylar fracture/s treatment. In medicine, quality of life (QOL) includes the individual's satisfaction toward their own health condition, disease, or treatment. The purpose of this study was to investigate self-perception QOL outcomes for patients who sustained mandibular condylar fracture/s. METHODS: This cross-sectional study surveyed patients at Grady Memorial Hospital in Atlanta, Georgia from November 2016 to June 2020. The study included patients who were at least 16years old at the time of injury, diagnosed with mandibular condylar fracture/s, treated by close reduction or open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF), presented for 6-months post-operative follow-up, and had a valid phone number. The primary predictor variable was treatment approach. The primary outcome variable was mood. Covariates were demographics, injury details, and self-perception QOL questionnaire. Univariate, bivariate, and ordinal regression analysis were performed (P<.05 significance). RESULTS: A total of 108 patients met inclusion criteria. Response rate was 84.2%. Our data showed that patients who underwent ORIF treatment were statistically more likely to experience no or milder pain when chewing (tau=0.390, P=.002), to not require pain medications (tau=0.389, P=.002), to report larger maximum mouth opening (tau=0.402, P=.0003), and to report better QOL (tau=0.440, P=7.407e-05). Ordinal regression analysis showed that patients who had undergone ORIF treatment were positively associated with better mood (estimate: -0.062; OR: 0.54; P=.29) and statistically significant associated with excellent QOL (estimate: -2; OR: 0.13; P=3.99e-05). Patients who sustained class III Lindahl mandibular condyle fracture were statistically significantly associated with depressed mood (estimate: 1.46; OR: 4.33; P=.002). CONCLUSION: ORIF treatment was positively associated with better QOL when compared to closed reduction for mandibular condyle fracture.

published proceedings

  • J Oral Maxillofac Surg

author list (cited authors)

  • Satishchandran, S., Umorin, M., Manhan, A. J., Abramowicz, S., & Amin, D.

complete list of authors

  • Satishchandran, Sruthi||Umorin, Mikhail||Manhan, Andrew J||Abramowicz, Shelly||Amin, Dina

publication date

  • February 2023