Bison PRNP genotyping and potential association with Brucella spp. seroprevalence. Academic Article uri icon


  • The implication that host cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) may function as a cell surface receptor and/or portal protein for Brucella abortus in mice prompted an evaluation of nucleotide and amino acid variation within exon 3 of the prion protein gene (PRNP) for six US bison populations. A non-synonymous single nucleotide polymorphism (T50C), resulting in the predicted amino acid replacement M17T (Met --> Thr), was identified in each population. To date, no variation (T50; Met) has been detected at the corresponding exon 3 nucleotide and/or amino acid position for domestic cattle. Notably, 80% (20 of 25) of the Yellowstone National Park bison possessing the C/C genotype were Brucella spp. seropositive, representing a significant (P = 0.021) association between seropositivity and the C/C genotypic class. Moreover, significant differences in the distribution of PRNP exon 3 alleles and genotypes were detected between Yellowstone National Park bison and three bison populations that were either founded from seronegative stock or previously subjected to test-and-slaughter management to eradicate brucellosis. Unlike domestic cattle, no indel polymorphisms were detected within the corresponding regions of the putative bison PRNP promoter, intron 1, octapeptide repeat region or 3'-untranslated region for any population examined. This study provides the first evidence of a potential association between nucleotide variation within PRNP exon 3 and the presence of Brucella spp. antibodies in bison, implicating PrP(C) in the natural resistance of bison to brucellosis infection.

published proceedings

  • Anim Genet

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Seabury, C. M., Halbert, N. D., Gogan, P., Templeton, J. W., & Derr, J. N.

citation count

  • 6

complete list of authors

  • Seabury, CM||Halbert, ND||Gogan, PJP||Templeton, JW||Derr, JN

publication date

  • April 2005