Horn fly transcriptome data of ten populations from the southern United States with varying degrees and molecular mechanisms of pesticide resistance. Academic Article uri icon


  • Haematobia irritans irritans (Linnaeus, 1758: Diptera: Muscidae), the horn fly, is an external parasite of penned and pastured livestock that causes a major economic impact on cattle production worldwide. Pesticides such as synthetic pyrethroids and organophosphates are routinely used to control horn flies; however, resistance to these chemicals has become a concern in several countries. To further elucidate the molecular mechanisms of resistance in horn fly populations, we sequenced the transcriptomes of ten populations of horn flies from the southern US possessing varying degrees of pesticide resistance levels to pyrethroids, organophosphates, and endosulfans. We employed an Illumina paired end HiSeq approach, followed by de novo assembly of the transcriptomes using CLC Genomics Workbench 8.0.1 De Novo Assembler using multiple kmers, and annotation using Blast2GO PRO version 5.2.5. The Gene Ontology biological process term Response to Insecticide was found in all the populations, but at an increased frequency in the populations with higher levels of insecticide resistance. The raw sequence reads are archived in the Sequence Read Archive (SRA) and assembled population transcriptomes in the Transcriptome Shotgun Assembly (TSA) at the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI).

published proceedings

  • Data Brief

author list (cited authors)

  • Bendele, K. G., Guerrero, F. D., Lohmeyer, K. H., Foil, L. D., Metz, R. P., & Johnson, C. D.

complete list of authors

  • Bendele, Kylie G||Guerrero, Felix D||Lohmeyer, Kimberly H||Foil, Lane D||Metz, Richard P||Johnson, Charles D

publication date

  • June 2023