Modeling inter-individual differences in ambulatory-based multimodal signals via metric learning: a case study of personalized well-being estimation of healthcare workers. Academic Article uri icon


  • INTRODUCTION: Intelligent ambulatory tracking can assist in the automatic detection of psychological and emotional states relevant to the mental health changes of professionals with high-stakes job responsibilities, such as healthcare workers. However, well-known differences in the variability of ambulatory data across individuals challenge many existing automated approaches seeking to learn a generalizable means of well-being estimation. This paper proposes a novel metric learning technique that improves the accuracy and generalizability of automated well-being estimation by reducing inter-individual variability while preserving the variability pertaining to the behavioral construct. METHODS: The metric learning technique implemented in this paper entails learning a transformed multimodal feature space from pairwise similarity information between (dis)similar samples per participant via a Siamese neural network. Improved accuracy via personalization is further achieved by considering the trait characteristics of each individual as additional input to the metric learning models, as well as individual trait base cluster criteria to group participants followed by training a metric learning model for each group. RESULTS: The outcomes of the proposed models demonstrate significant improvement over the other inter-individual variability reduction and deep neural baseline methods for stress, anxiety, positive affect, and negative affect. DISCUSSION: This study lays the foundation for accurate estimation of psychological and emotional states in realistic and ambulatory environments leading to early diagnosis of mental health changes and enabling just-in-time adaptive interventions.

published proceedings

  • Front Digit Health

author list (cited authors)

  • Paromita, P., Mundnich, K., Nadarajan, A., Booth, B. M., Narayanan, S. S., & Chaspari, T.

complete list of authors

  • Paromita, Projna||Mundnich, Karel||Nadarajan, Amrutha||Booth, Brandon M||Narayanan, Shrikanth S||Chaspari, Theodora

publication date

  • January 2023