Integrated Sensing Chip for Ultrasensitive Label-Free Detection of the Products of Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification. Academic Article uri icon


  • Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) is a nucleic acid amplification technique that has been widely used for the detection of pathogens in many organisms. Current LAMP-based sensors usually require the LAMP products to be labeled in order for them to be detected. Here, we present a novel label-free LAMP chip, which consists of a nanopore thin-film sensor embedded inside a LAMP reaction chamber. A fraction of LAMP primers is immobilized on the sensor surface, allowing the LAMP products to be synthesized and bound to the sensor surface via immobilized primers. After the LAMP reaction components are removed from the reaction chamber, the amplified LAMP products bound to the sensor surface give rise to significantly increased transducing signals, which can be measured by a portable optical spectrometer through an optical fiber probe. As a demonstration, we used the LAMP chip to detect the causal agent of late blight, Phytophthora infestans, which is one of the most devastating plant pathogens and poses a major threat to sustainable crop production worldwide. We show that this chip can detect as low as 1 fg/L of P. infestans DNA in 30 min, which corresponds to an attomolar level of 1.6 10-6 attomole/L and is at least 10 times more sensitive than the currently available methods. This label-free sensing technology holds great promise to open up a new avenue for ultrasensitive, highly specific, rapid, and cost-effective point-of-care diagnostics of plant, animal, human, and foodborne pathogens.

published proceedings

  • ACS Sens

author list (cited authors)

  • Mao, S., Zhao, J., Ding, X., Vuong, V. A., Song, J., & Que, L.

complete list of authors

  • Mao, Subin||Zhao, Jinping||Ding, Xiaoke||Vuong, Van Anh||Song, Junqi||Que, Long

publication date

  • June 2023